太阳2

民用建筑是怎么構造組成的?
編輯:太阳2     發布時間:2020-8-17

  建筑的物質實體一般由承重結構、圍護結構、飾面裝修及附屬部件組成。太阳2表示承重結構分為:基礎、承重墻體(在框架結構建筑中承重墻體則由梁、柱代替)、樓板、屋面板等。圍護結構可為:外圍護墻、內墻(在框架結構建筑中為框架填充墻和輕質隔墻)等。飾面裝修一般按其部位分為:內外墻面、樓地面、屋面、頂棚燈飾面裝修。附屬部件一般包括:樓梯、電梯、自動扶梯、門窗、陽臺、欄桿、隔斷、花池、臺階、坡道、雨篷等。

  JIANZHUDEWUZHISHITIANQISUOZAIBUWEIHEGONGNENGDEBUTONG,YOUKEYIFENWEI:JICHU、QIANGHEZHU、LOUBANCENGHEDIPINGCENG、LOUTIHEDIANTI、WUDING、MENCHUANGDENG。

  (YI)JICHU

  JICHUSHIQIANGHUOZHUXIAMIANDECHENGZHONGGOUJIAN,MAIZAIZIRANDIMIANYIXIA,CHENGSHOUJIANZHUWUQUANBUHEZAIDECHENGZHONGGOUJIAN,BINGJIANGZHEXIEHEZAICHUANGEIDIJI。JICHUBIXUYOUZUGOUDEQIANGDUHEWENDINGXING,BINGNENGDIYUDIXIASHUI、BINGDONGDENGGEZHONGYOUHAIYINSUDEQINSHI。

  (ER)QIANG(ZHU)

  QIANG(ZHU)CHENGSHOULOUBANHEWUDINGCHUANLAIDEHEZAI。ZAIQIANGCHENGZHONGDEFANGWUZHONG,QIANGJISHICHENGZHONGGOUJIAN,YOUSHIWEIHUGOUJIAN;ZAIKUANGJIACHENGZHONGDEFANGWUZHONG,ZHUSHICHENGZHONGGOUJIAN,ERQIANGZHISHIWEIHUGOUJIANHUOFENGEGOUJIAN。ZUOWEICHENGZHONGGOUJIAN,QIANG(ZHU)BIXUJUYOUZUGOUDEQIANGDUHEWENDINGXING;ZUOWEIWEIHUGOUJIAN,WAIQIANGBIXUDIYUZIRANJIEGEZHONGYINSUDUISHINEIDEQINXI。NEIFENGEQIANGZEBIXUGESHENG、BAOWEN、GERE、FANGHUO、FANGSHUIDENG。

  (SAN)LOUBANCENGYUDIPINGCENG

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民用建筑是怎么構造組成的?

  (SI)LOUTIYUDIANTI

  LOUTISHIJIANZHUWUZHONGRENMENBUXINGSHANGXIALOUCENGDECHUIZHIJIAOTONGLIANXIBUJIAN,BINGGENJUXUYAOMANZUJINJISHIGUSHIDERENYUANSHUSAN。LOUTIYINGYOUZUGOUDETONGXINGNENGLI,BINGZUODAOJIANGUNAIJIUHEMANZUXIAOFANGSHUSANANQUANDEYAOQIU。DIANTISHIGAOCENGJIANZHUHEMOUXIEDUOCENGJIANZHU(RUYIYUAN、SHANGCHANG、CHANGFANGDENG)BIXUDECHUIZHIJIAOTONGSHESHI。DIANTIYINGJUYOUZUOGOUDEYUNSONGNENGLIHEFANGBIANKUAIJIEXINGNENG。XIAOFANGDIANTISHIYONGYUJINJISHIGUSHIXIAOFANGPUJIUZHIYONG,HUANXUYAOMANZUXIAOFANGANQUANYAOQIU。ZIDONGFUTISHILOUTIDEJIXIEHUAXINGSHI,YONGYUCHUANSONGRENLIUDANBUNENGYONGYUXIAOFANGSHUSAN。ZIDONGFUTIYINGZHUYITIDUANSHANGRENLIUTONGXINGANQUAN。

  (WU)WUDING

  WUDINGSHIJIANZHUWUDINGBUGOUJIAN,JISHICHENGZHONGGOUJIAN,YOUSHIWEIHUGOUJIAN。WUMIANBANZHICHENGWUMIANSHESHIJIZIRANJIEZHONGFENGSHUANGXUEYUHEZAI,BINGJIANGZHEXIEHEZAICHUANDIGEICHENGZHONGQIANGHUOLIANGZHU。WUDINGYINGJUYOUZUGOUDEQIANGDUHEGANGDU,BINGJUYOUFANGSHUI、BAOWEN、GEREDENGNENGLI,SHANGRENWUMIANHUANDEMANZUSHIYONGDEYAOQIU。

  (LIU)MENCHUANG

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  CHULESHANGSHULIUDAJIBENZUCHENGGOUJIANWAI,DUIBUTONGSHIYONGGONGNENGDEJIANZHU,HUANYOUGEZHONGBUTONGDEGOUJIANHEPEIJIAN,RU:YANGTAI、YUPENG、TAIJIE、SANSHUI、LAJIJING、YANDAODENG。SUOYOUZUCHENGJIANZHUDEGEGEBUFENQIBUTONGDEZUOYONG。ZAISHEJIGONGZUOZHONGHUANBAJIANZHUDEGEGEZUCHENGBUFENHUAFENWEIJIANZHUGOUJIANHEJIANZHUPEIJIAN。JIANZHUGOUJIANZHUYAOSHIZHIQIANG、ZHU、LIANG、WUJIADENGCHENGZHONGJIEGOU;JIANZHUPEIJIANZHUYAOSHIZHIWUMIAN、DIMIAN、QIANGMIAN、MENCHUANG、LANGAN、HUAGE、XIBUZHUANGXIUDENG。


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